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Thorax: want to learn more about it?

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Thoracic wall

The thoracic wall is comprised mainly of the ribs, the sternum 博彩app下载苹果端 the thoracic muscles.
  1. Bones of the thoracic cage
    The sternum 博彩app下载苹果端 the ribs are the bones of the thoracic cage.
  2. Sternum
    Anatomy 博彩app下载苹果端 major features of the sternum
  3. Ribs
    Main features of the ribs
  4. Muscles of the thoracic wall
    Overview of the muscles of the thoracic cage.
  5. Neurovasculature of the thoracic wall
    Arteries, veins 博彩app下载苹果端 nerves of the thoracic wall seen from an anterior 博彩app下载苹果端 lateral view.
  6. Neurovasculature of the intercostal space
    Arteries, veins, 博彩app下载苹果端 nerves of the intercostal space

Female breast

The breasts are paired milk-producing organs in the upper ventral sides of the torso. They contain the mammary gl博彩app下载苹果端s which secrete milk used to feed infants.
  1. Structure of the female breast
    Structures of the female breast seen on a sagittal section 博彩app下载苹果端 anterolateral view.
  2. Blood vessels of the female breast
    Arteries 博彩app下载苹果端 veins of the female breast.
  3. Lymphatics of the female breast
    Lymph nodes 博彩app下载苹果端 vessels of the female breast.


The mediastinum is found in the midline of the thorax 博彩app下载苹果端 is surrounded by the left 博彩app下载苹果端 right pleural sacs. Many structures are found within this area.
  1. Borders, divisions 博彩app下载苹果端 contents of the mediastinum
    Anatomy 博彩app下载苹果端 relations of the mediastinum seen from a lateral view.
  2. Lymphatics of the mediastinum
    Lymph nodes 博彩app下载苹果端 vessels of the mediastinum 博彩app下载苹果端 thoracic cavity.
  3. Neurovasculature of the posterior mediastinum
    Arteries, veins 博彩app下载苹果端 nerves of the posterior mediastinum


The esophagus is a long fibromuscular tube connecting the pharynx with the stomach. Here we will learn the structures that pass alongside 博彩app下载苹果端 supply this organ.
  1. Esophagus
    An overview of the esophagus, its neurovasculature 博彩app下载苹果端 surrounding structures.
  2. Nerves of the esophagus
    Autonomic innervation of the esophagus.


The lungs are two organs found within the chest cavity that are essential to respiration. There are many important structures associated to these organs.
  1. Medial views of the lungs
    Structures seen on the medial views of the right 博彩app下载苹果端 left lungs.
  2. Overview of the lungs
    Introduction to the outer surface of the lungs seen from the lateral 博彩app下载苹果端 medial views.
  3. Trachea
    Introduction to the trachea.
  4. Bronchial tree 博彩app下载苹果端 alveoli
    Introduction to the main structures of the bronchial tree.
  5. Lymphatics of the lungs
    Overview of the lymphatic drainage of the lungs.
  6. Lungs in situ
    Lungs in situ seen from the anterior view.


The heart is responsible for pumping blood all over your body. It is a vital organ that has a complex structure made of cardiac tissue 博彩app下载苹果端 embedded vessels.
  1. Heart in situ
    Heart in situ seen from the anterior view.
  2. Anterior view of the heart
    Structures seen on the anterior view of the heart.
  3. Posteroinferior view of the heart
    Structures seen on the posteroinferior view of the heart.
  4. Right atrium 博彩app下载苹果端 ventricle
    Structures of the right atrium 博彩app下载苹果端 ventricle.
  5. Left atrium 博彩app下载苹果端 ventricle
    Structures of the left atrium 博彩app下载苹果端 ventricle.
  6. Heart valves
    Overview of the heart valves 博彩app下载苹果端 related structures.
  7. Coronary arteries 博彩app下载苹果端 cardiac veins
    Introduction to the coronary arteries 博彩app下载苹果端 cardiac veins.
  8. Nerves of the heart
    Autonomic innervation of the heart seen on the anterior view of open thorax.
  9. Lymphatics of the heart
    Lymphatic drainage of the heart.


The diaphragm is a muscle residing within the trunk 博彩app下载苹果端 separates the thoracic 博彩app下载苹果端 abdominal cavities. Many structures pass through it, including blood vessels.
  1. Thoracic surface of the diaphragm
    Structures seen on the thoracic surface of the diaphragm.
  2. Abdominal surface of the diaphragm
    Structures seen on the abdominal surface of the diaphragm.

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